Gopi Chand Narang Wiki, Age, Death, Wife, Children, Family, Biography & More

Gopi Chand Narang

Gopi Chand Narang (1931 – 2022) was an Indian theorist, literary critic and scholar, who published more than sixty-five academic and critical books on language, literature, poetry and cultural studies. He wrote twelve books in English language, eight in Hindi language and more than 40 books in Urdu language.


Gopichand Narang was born on Wednesday, 11 February 1931.age 91 years; by 2022) in Dukki, Balochistan, British India (present-day Balochistan, Pakistan). His zodiac sign was Aquarius. In 1950, he earned a BA degree from Delhi University. In 1952, he completed his master’s degree in Urdu from Delhi University. In 1958, Gopi Chand Narang earned a Research Fellowship (PhD) degree from the Ministry of Education. He completed his Doctor of Letters degree from Aligarh Muslim University in 2009, Maulana Azad National Urdu University in 2008 and Central University of Hyderabad in 2007.

Physical Appearance

Hair Color: salt and pepper

Eye Colour: black

Gopi Chand Narang


Gopi Chand Narang belonged to a Saraiki family.

parents and siblings

His father’s name is Dharam Chand Narang (Literary).

father and mother of gopi chand

father and mother of gopi chand

Gopichand Narang has four brothers named Yudhishthira, Jagdish Chander, Arjuna and Bhimsen. He has two sisters named Bhagya and Shanti.

Gopi Chand (in turban in the middle) with his siblings

Gopi Chand (in turban in the middle) with his siblings

wife and children

The name of the wife of Gopichand Narang is Manorama Narang. The couple has two sons named Arun Narang and Tarun Narang who are both doctors in the US.

Gopi Narang with wife Manorama Narang, sons, daughter-in-law and grandchildren

Gopi Narang with wife Manorama Narang, sons, daughter-in-law and grandchildren


Gopi Chand Narang’s father, Dharam Chand Narang was a Persian and Sanskrit scholar. He was a litterateur who inspired Gopichand to study literature. At a very young age, he liked to read the books of writers Ratan Nath Sarshar, Shayari of Ghalib and Iqbal. The serious works of writers like Dr. Radhakrishnan and Dr. Syed Abid Hussain and theology, devotion and Sufism were also liked by Gopi Chand Narang.

A young Gopi Chand Narang

A young Gopi Chand Narang


In 1957, Gopi Chand Narang started teaching Urdu literature at St. Stephen’s College, Delhi. And he taught there until 1958. He was then appointed as a visiting professor at the University of Wisconsin in 1963 and 1968. At the same time, at the University of Minnesota and the University of Oslo, he was teaching as a professor. At Jamia Millia Islamia University in New Delhi, Gopi Chand Narang began teaching as a professor in 1974. Narang received the President’s National Gold Medal from Pakistan in 1977 for his actions in Allama Iqbal. Thereafter, he served as a professor in the same university. from 1986 to 1995. In 2005, he was named Professor Emeritus at Delhi University, and in 2013, Jamia Millia Islamia University appointed him as its Professor Emeritus. Gopi Chand Narang served as the Vice President of Delhi Urdu Academy from 1996 to 1999. He was appointed as the Vice-Chairman of the National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language – HRD in 1998. From 1998 to 2002, he served as it. The Vice President of the Sahitya Akademi of the University, Dr. He served as the President of the Sahitya Akademi from 2003 to 2007. He was a resident of the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center in Italy in 1997. At the Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts, he was an Indira Gandhi Memorial Fellow from 2002 to 2004. The Sahitya Akademi awarded him the highest honor fellowship in 2009.

literary work

In 1961, he published his first book, Delhi Urdu Ki Karkhandi Boli. Later, he released more than 60 books in Urdu, English and Hindi languages.

Hindi Books

Some of his famous Hindi books are Pathakwadi Criticism (1999), Urdu Kaise Likhe (2001), and Amir Khusro: Hindavi Lok Kavya Sankalp (2011).

english books

His popular English books include Faiz Ahmed Faiz: Thought Structure, Evolutionary Love and Aesthetic Sensibility (2019), The Urdu Ghazal: A Gift of India’s Composite Culture. (2020), and The Hidden Garden: Mir Taqi Mir (2021).

urdu books

His famous Urdu editions include Kuliyat-e Hindavi Amir Khusro: Mai Tashrih o Tajizia Nuskha-e Berlin. (2017), in the name of Khutut Gopi Chand Narang of Masahar. (2017), and Imla Nama Pakistani Edition. (2021).

Books on Gopi Chand Narang

Some other authors wrote books on Gopichand Narang. Some book names contain Fe. seen. Ejaz, Ed. 2004. Gopi Chand Narang (Regular Book Edition). Kolkata: Insha Publications, Saifi Sironji. 2012. Maaba’ad-e Jadiidiat and Gopi Chand Narang. Sironj: Intisab Publications, Jameel Akhtar. 2015. Zindagi Naama: Gopi Chand Narang. Delhi: Educational Publishing House, Zafar Sironji. 2022. Saadi ki Aankh Gopi Chand Narang. Sironj: Intisab Publications, and Idris Ahmed. 2022. Prof. Gopi Chand Narang Adeeb-o-Danishwar. New Delhi: Ghalib Institute.


From 2003 to 2007, Gopi Chand Narang served as the president of the Sahitya Akademi, and during his tenure as president, he was accused of corruption and controversial appointments to the National Academy. Later, an Indian author Rahman Abbas published an article in which he denounced all negative allegations against Gopi Chand. The name of the article was ‘How author and critic Gopi Chand Narang escaped a malicious campaign.’ In this article, Abbas pointed out that Narang was targeted because he criticized unrealistic modernism in Urdu in some of his writings. Abbas wrote,

Gopi Chand Narang was targeted for his criticism of unrealistic modernism in Urdu. It was only propaganda against him that could not stand literary scrutiny or any serious debate, those who tried to defame him had no understanding of his work or literary motives.

Awards, Honors, Achievements

In 1977, he received the President’s Gold Medal of Pakistan. In 1982, he was the winner of the Association of Asian Studies (Mid-Atlantic Region) Award. In 1985, he won the Ghalib Award. In 1987, he received the Canadian Academy of Urdu Language and Literature Award and the Amir Khusro Award in Chicago. In 1995, he was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award and the Urdu Markaz International Award.

Gopi Chand Narang (left) receiving the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship

Gopi Chand Narang (left) receiving the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship

In 1998, he was awarded the Almi Farogh-e-Urdu Adab Award. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2004. In 2005, he earned the European Urdu Writers Society Award and the Mazzini Gold Medal in Italy. In 2010, he earned the Urdu Academy’s Bahadur Shah Zafar Award and the Bharatiya Bhasha Parishad Award. In 2011, he was awarded the Madhya Pradesh Iqbal Samman. in 2012. He received the President of Pakistan Sitara-e-Imtiaz Award, Bharatiya Jnanpith Murti Devi Award and Murti Devi Award. In 2021, he earned the Sir Syed National Award for Excellence.


On 15 June 2022, Gopi Chand Narang passed away in the US at the age of 91 in natural conditions. The news of his death was posted by his son on social media.

Facts / Trivia

  • According to Gopi Chand Narang, he chose Urdu as his main subject soon after getting admission in Delhi College. Although his father wanted him to become an engineer or scientist and wanted him to choose mathematics, physics or chemistry as his field of study, Gopi Chand was fond of literature.
  • Hindustani Kison Se Makhooz Urdu Masnaviyan (1961), Urdu Ghazals and Hindustani Zehan-o-Tahzeeb (2002) and Hindustani Tehreek-e-Azadi and Urdu Shayari (2003) are some of his extensive literary works.
  • His socio-cultural and historical studies such as Amir Khusrau’s Hindavi Kalam (1987), Saniha-e-Karbala Bataur Sheri Istiara (1986), and Urdu Zabaan and Lisaniyat (2006) are popular worldwide.
  • Gopi Chand Narang was criticized in 1995 for copying excerpts from his Sahitya Akademi Award winning book ‘Sakhtiyat, Pas-Sakhtiyat and Mashriki Sheriyat (Structuralism, Post-structuralism and Eastern Poetry)’ from some secondary sources.
  • In an interview with a media house, Gopi Chand Narang said that after the partition of India, he shifted from Balochistan to Delhi on a Red Cross plane; However, the rest of his family members later reached Delhi. He said that at that time he was feeling very fortunate to board the plane with his elder brother. he said,

    At the time of Partition, I was fortunate enough to be able to travel to India in a Red Cross plane with my elder brother in the midst of the Quetta Holocaust of 1947. The rest of the family arrived later. I learned to live on my own in the foreign city of Delhi.”

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