Mangal Pandey Wiki, Age, Death, Wife, Family, Biography & More – WikiBio

Mangal Pandey

Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier in the British Army who played an important role in spreading the revolt of 1857 in India. He served in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) Regiment of the British East India Company from 1849 to 1857. On 8 April 1857, he was hanged by the British as a result of his actions against the colonial rule in India.


Mangal Pandey was born on Thursday 19 July 1827.age 30 years; at the time of death) at Nagwa, Ballia District, Seeded and Conquered Province, Company India. His zodiac sign was Cancer.

Physical Appearance

Hair Color: black

Eye Colour: black


parents and siblings

His father’s name was Diwakar Pandey and he was a farmer. His mother’s name is Abhay Rani. Mangal Pandey had a sister who died in the famine of 1830.


Mangal Pandey was not married.


He followed Hinduism.


He was from the Brahmin community.


British Army

The Bengal Army recruited Mangal Pandey as a private soldier in the 5th Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry in 1849.


Various Indian men in the British Army began to revolt against the British government in March 1857, and this information was passed on to Lieutenant Baugh, who was posted as an adjutant to the 34th Bengal Native Infantry at Barrackpore. On 29 March 1857, Mangal Pandey was seen pointing a loaded gun towards the guard room of the regiment and was heard threatening that he would shoot all the Europeans. He was also urging other army men to accompany him. On receiving the information, Lieutenant Bagh quickly loaded his horse and weapons and started towards Mangal Pandey. Pandey, on the other hand, hit back at the tiger, and the tiger fell from his horse, but he quickly managed to stand up with his pistol and opened fire on Mangal Pandey, who was currently using Indian swords. Another British sergeant, Hewson, arrived at the scene and ordered Jamadar Ishwari Prasad, an Indian officer in command of the quarter-guard, to arrest Mangal Pandey. Meanwhile, Pandey started firing on Hewson and to escape the situation, Ishwari Prasad fell on the ground with his weapons. Hewson tried to capture Mangal Pandey while Pandey was fighting Lt Baugh, but in vain. Hearing the sound of scuffles and firing, other army men gathered around the field but did not intervene in the fight. A British soldier, Sheikh Paltu, who had just arrived at the scene, tried to help Lieutenants Baugh and Hewson. But, the soldiers who remained spectators started attacking Paltu with stones and shoes. Paltu calls Ishwari Prasad for help, but Ishwari Prasad threatens Paltu that he will shoot her if he does not release Mangal Pandey. Soon, the commanding officer of the regiment, General Hersey, was informed of the incident, and he then reached the spot with two of his English police officers and ordered his men to capture Mangal Pandey. Harse threatened all the spectators present that he would shoot anyone who tried to disobey his orders. During a scuffle with these two army men, Mangal Pandey pressed the trigger of his gun on his leg, and he started bleeding, and his regimental jacket also caught fire. Mangal Pandey was caught and arrested.

court trial

Soon after his arrest, Mangal Pandey was produced in the court. He said during the court hearing that he was not under anyone’s influence and no one incited him to rebel. He himself took responsibility for his actions. In one of his statements, Mangal Pandey said that he was under the influence of a narcotic.

motive of rebellion

Reportedly, the main motive behind Mangal Pandey’s rebellion remained unclear. During the Barrackpore program he was heard shouting,

Come out – the Europeans are here”; “Bite these cartridges we will become infidels” and “You sent me out of here, why don’t you follow me.”

But, soon after his arrest and during the court hearing, he stated that he was under the influence of narcotics (cannabis and opium). He further told the court that he was unaware of his actions on 29 March 1857.


Before the rebellion started by Mangal Pandey, there were many reasons for spreading rumors among Indian men in the British army. It was said that a new type of bullet cartridge was introduced by the British government to be used in the Enfield P-53 rifle. It was rumored that these pills were greased with the fat of cows and pigs. The consumption of cows and pigs was prohibited by Hindus and Muslims respectively, and before the cartridges could be used, soldiers had to cut off one end of the bullet. It was believed by some Indian soldiers in the British regiment that the British had deliberately put animal fat on the cartridges to hurt the religious sentiments of the Indian communities.


Mangal Pandey was executed by the British Government on 8 April 1857 at Barrackpore, Calcutta, Bengal Province, Company India. Ishwari Prasad was hanged on 21 April 1857. Ishwari Prasad had ordered the Sikh members of the Quarter-Guard not to arrest Mangal Pandey during the Barrackpore event.

Facts / Trivia

  • Mangal Pandey was considered an important link in the outbreak of the Revolt of 1857 or the First Indian War of Independence.
  • In 1984, Mangal Pandey’s sacrifice was honored by the Government of India when it issued a postage stamp in his name.
    Mangal Pandey 1984 Postage Stamp of India

    Mangal Pandey 1984 Postage Stamp of India

  • Following the arrest and death of Mangal Pandey, the interrogation records mention that Mangal Pandey was intoxicated with cannabis and opium when he snatched the weapon and aimed towards the quarter-guard building.
  • Firstly, the date of execution of Mangal Pandey was set as 18 April 1857; However, he was hanged by the colonial government on 8 April 1857.
  • Later, the place where Mangal Pandey challenged the British Government was named ‘Shaheed Mangal Pandey Maha Udyan’ by the Government of India in his memory.
  • Since Mangal Pandey belonged to the Bhumihar Brahmin community, his rebellion against colonial rule was considered his fight for his religion.
  • Mangal Pandey started a rebellion against colonial rule in Barrackpore in 1857, and after his execution, the rebellion spread to Meerut, Delhi, Kanpur and Lucknow.
  • Major-General Hersey sent a proposal to Lord Canning that later allowed Indian soldiers in the British Army to use another form of greasing in cartridges, soon after Mangal Pandey’s rebellion.
  • After the rebellious act of Mangal Pandey, the British government’s rule in India started losing faith in its power. Soon, the ruling power was transferred to Queen Victoria.
  • The character of Mangal Pandey was portrayed by Bollywood actor Aamir Khan in the 2005 film Mangal Pandey – The Rising. In the same year, a stage play based on the life of Mangal Pandey was also staged in Mumbai.
    Mangal Pandey movie poster

    Mangal Pandey movie poster

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