Ratanji Tata Wiki, Age, Death, Wife, Children, Family, Biography & More – WikiBio

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Sir Ratan G Tata


Sir Ratanji Tata (1871 – 1918) was an Indian philanthropist and art connoisseur who carried on the Tata legacy. Jamsetji Tata, He was a legend who took great initiative in human welfare and donated generously for national and international causes. He was a patriot and nationalist like his father, who contributed to the development of the nation.


Sir Ratanji Tata was born on Friday, 20 January 1871 in Bombay during the British Raj. He was the second son of his parents and was 12 years younger than his brother. His early life was surrounded by luxury in Bombay. He graduated from St. Xavier’s College, Bombay. In 1896, he began working as a partner for Tata & Sons.

a great philanthropist

Ratanji Tata lived his life surrounded by luxuries but still had kindness and generosity for the needy. Poverty, lack of education and hunger haunted him. He contributed £1,400 annually to the University of London for welfare, and the Sir Ratan Tata Foundation is still a part of the London School of Economics (LSE).

£1,400 donation to the University of London for research

He donated £1,400 to the University of London for research to solve poverty in India


In 1912, he offered financial help to set up the Department of Social Sciences at LSE. Till 1919 this department was called Ratan Tata Social Science Department. India’s past and archeology fascinated him, and for that matter, he financially supported archaeological excavations at Pataliputra from 1913 to 1917. This excavation led to the unveiling of the Mauryan throne room of King Ashoka’s palace. , Not only this, he was a lover and follower of art and donated most of his art collection to the Prince of Wales Museum in Bombay. He was a soft hearted businessman who never neglected to contribute to any cause. He donated generously to relief work done after natural disasters and to education and medical care. He annually donated an amount of Rs. 10,000 for ten years to the King George V Anti-tuberculosis League and an amount of Rs. 1 lakh to the Salvation Army for the memorial.

Carrying forward the Tata legacy

Jamsetji Tata died in 1904, which was a turning point in Ratanji Tata’s life. At that time, Tata Sons was an agent of Paris-based L’Union Fire Insurance Co in India and Ratanji took over after his father’s death. He also took charge of Tata’s trading firm, Tata & Company, which dealt in cotton, rice, yarn, pearls and silk. This trading firm had branches in many countries including Shanghai, Kobe, Rangoon, Paris and New York.

Ratan ji Tata with his wife and family

Ratan ji Tata with his wife and family


In 1901, Ratanji Tata along with his father and elder brother Sir Dorabji Tata began work on India’s largest ironworks project. After Jamsetji’s death, Ratanji assisted his brother with the project, and it finally came into existence on 26 August 1907. It was named Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited, which was later renamed as Tata Steel Limited. Tata Steel has expanded to 26 countries across five continents and employs thousands of people.

family and caste

Sir Ratanji Tata was born in a Parsi family.

parents and siblings

He was born to Jamsetji Tata and Hirabai Dabbu. His father Jamsetji Tata was a revolutionary businessman who is also known as the father of Indian industry. On the other hand, his mother was a homemaker. He was the second child of his parents and Sir Dorabji Tata was his elder brother.

wife and children

In 1892, Ratan ji Tata married Nawazbai Set, daughter of Ardeshir Merwanji Set. The couple spent a fair amount of time living in England. She later adopted Naval Tata and had no children other than him. The couple had a love for art and collected many fine pieces to build the new home in Bombay.

Ratan Tata with wife Nawazbai Tata

Ratan Tata with wife Nawazbai Tata


Unfortunately, Ratanji died at the age of 41 and his wife Nawazbai Seth was left alone to look after his property. She lived as his widow for the rest of her life and was famous as the chairman of the Sir Ratan Tata Trust. She is still recognized for her remarkable philanthropic work for women and society.

Awards, Honors, Achievements

  • In 1916, Sir Ratanji Tata was knighted in England for his services to humanity.


  • Art: Ratanji Tata was an art lover who amassed a collection of paintings, silverware, rugs, weapons, manuscripts and much more.


A few months after making his home in 1915, Sir Ratanji Tata went to England for treatment. He died two years later, on 5 September 1918, at St Ives in Cornwall, England.

Facts / Trivia

  • The Sir Ratan Tata Trust, established in 1919, is one of the oldest and most trusted grant-making organisations.
  • Sir Ratan Tata’s wife Nawazbai established an institute in the memory of Sir Ratanji Tata in 1926.

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