Savitri Khanolkar Wiki, Age, Death, Husband, Children, Family, Biography & More – WikiBio


Savitri Khanolkar

Savitri Khanolkar (1913–1990) was an Indian designer and painter. He is credited with designing the Param Vir Chakra, the highest gallantry award of independent India. Apart from designing the Param Vir Chakra, Savitri is also known for designing the Maha Vir Chakra, Vir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, Kirti Chakra, Shaurya Chakra and the General Service Medal, which was discontinued in 1947. He died on 26 November 1990. ,

Wiki/Biography

Savitri Khanolkar was born as Eve Yvonne Maid de Maros on Sunday, 20 July 1913.age 77 years; at the time of death) in Neuchatel, Switzerland. Savitri Khanolkar spent most of her childhood in Geneva. He started his schooling from there. He lost his mother at a very young age; His father used to take care of him. During her school summer vacations, Savitri read a lot of books based on Indian culture and traditions. This made him more curious and enthusiastic about Indian culture. While on a beach vacation in Geneva, Savitri was introduced to a group of young Indian officer cadets. There he met Vikram Ramji Khanolkar, who was then training at the Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst, UK. Savitri immediately fell in love with him and insisted on getting Vikram’s address from her father. After getting his address, Savitri wrote to him. A few years later, she moved to Bombay, which was Vikram’s hometown, and the couple married in 1932. She started learning more about Indian culture and soon became well versed with Indian culture. After marriage, she studied at Patna University, where she learned more about Indian culture, Hinduism and the Vedas.

family

Savitri Khanolkar belonged to a Swiss family.

Guardian

His father’s name was Andre de Maide. He was Professor of Sociology at the University of Geneva. He was also the president of the Société de Sociology de Geneve. His mother’s name was Marthe Hentzelt. She was a professor at the Institut Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Rousseau Institute). His mother was of Russian descent.

husband and children

Her husband’s name was Vikram Ramji Khanolkar. He was an officer who was commissioned into the British Indian Army and served in the Indian Army after independence until the rank of a Major General. They were married in 1932 in Mumbai.

Savitri Khanolkar with her husband Vikram Ramji Khanolkar

Savitri Khanolkar with her husband Vikram Ramji Khanolkar

His daughter’s name is Kumudini Khanolkar. She was married to Lieutenant General Surinder Sharma (PVSM, AVSM), who became the Engineer-in-Chief of the Indian Army. He was the younger brother of Major Somnath Sharma, who became the first recipient of the Param Vir Chakra, the country’s highest gallantry award.

Savitri Khanolkar's daughter Kumudini Khanolkar

Savitri Khanolkar’s daughter Kumudini Khanolkar

relationships / affairs

Before marrying him in 1932, she was in a relationship with Vikram Ramji Khanolkar for some time.

religion/religious thought

Hindu religion

Designing of the prestigious PVC

After India gained independence from the British Raj, in 1947, the newly established Indian Army asked Major General Hira Lal Atal, then Adjutant General of the Indian Army, to design new gallantry award medals for the Indian Army. . Soon, Major General Atal was introduced to Savitri Khanolkar, by now her husband Vikram Ramji Khanolkar had become Major General. Hira Lal was influenced by Atal Savitri’s knowledge of Indian culture and traditions. He, without hesitation, asked Savitri Khanolkar to help him with the design of the medals. Savitri, being a student of the Vedas, was greatly influenced by the story of a sage Dadhichi, a sage who donated his spine to the gods, so that they could make a weapon called Vajra to kill a very powerful demon. Savitri Khanolkar was greatly influenced by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, whom she considered as one of the greatest Indian warriors. Thus, he incorporated his famous sword Bhavani. The medal has a very peculiar design structure. It is cast in bronze and has a 32 mm purple ribbon attached to its top. In the center of the medal is a raised circle, which bears the national emblem of India, called the Lion Capital of Ashoka. The state emblem is surrounded by four thunderbolts, left, right, top and bottom. On each vajra are two swords of Shivaji Maharaj Bhavani. On the other side of the medal, its name is written in both English and Hindi, separated by two lotus flowers.

Param Vir Chakra

Param Vir Chakra

The diameter of the medal is 13/8 inch or 41.275 mm. The decoration is suspended from a straight curved suspension bar held in place by a purple ribbon. Its name is written on the reverse of the medal in both English and Hindi; Different from the lotus flower.

PVC Medal Ribbon

PVC Medal Ribbon

Creating other gallantry awards for India

Mahavir Chakra

Apart from designing PVC. Savitri Khanolkar is also recognized for designing the country’s second highest gallantry award, the Maha Vir Chakra. The award is cast in silver and is round in shape. The medal consists of a five-pointed heraldic star, and a circle in the center of the medal, bearing the national emblem of India. The word Mahavir Chakra has been engraved on the reverse side of the medal in English and Hindi languages. The words on the reverse side of the medal are distinct from Lotus, the national flower of India.

Maha Vir Chakra

Maha Vir Chakra

The medal is suspended from a suspension bar, held in place by a half orange and half white ribbon. The width of the ribbon is about 3.2 cm.

MVC Medal Ribbon

MVC Medal Ribbon

Vir Chakra

Savitri also designed India’s third highest gallantry award, the Vir Chakra. The medallion is a circular medallion, cast in silver. Its diameter is 13/8 inch or 41.275 mm. The medal consists of a five-pointed star with a dome in the center. In the center of the glide dome, the medal has the national emblem of India. The name of the medal is written on the other side of the medal both in English and Hindi. The names are different from the lotus flower.

Vir Chakra

Vir Chakra

It is hung from a swivel, which is attached to a ribbon of half dark blue and half saffron colour. The diameter of the medal is 13/8 inch or 41.275 mm, and the diameter of the ribbon is 32 mm.

Veer Chakra Medal Ribbon

Veer Chakra Medal Ribbon

Designing medals to be awarded during peacetime

Ashoka Chakra

Ashoka Chakra is the highest gallantry award, which is given to a person during his peacetime. It was also designed by Savitri Khanolkar. The prize is made of a gilded gold. It is circular and has a diameter of 13/8 inch or 41.275 mm. The medallion consists of a lotus garland, and the Ashoka Chakra inside the circular wreath. On the reverse of the medal, the Ashoka Chakra is written, both in Hindi and in English; Both got separated from Kamal.

Ashoka Chakra

Ashoka Chakra

The medal is also suspended from a swivel, which is attached to a 32 mm dark green ribbon with a 2 mm saffron stripe in the middle.

Ribbon of Ashoka Chakra Medal

Ribbon of Ashoka Chakra Medal

Kirti Chakra

Kirti Chakra is made of silver and is circular. The diameter of the medal is 13/8 inch or 41.275 mm. In the center of a medallion is an Ashoka Chakra, surrounded by a circular rosary of lotus. behind the medal; The Kirti Chakra is written in Hindi and in English, separated by two lotuses.

Kirti Chakra

Kirti Chakra

The dark green ribbon, which rests on the swivel holding the medal, is 30 mm in width. It is divided into two, 2 mm saffron colored stripes.

Kirti Chakra Medal Ribbon

Kirti Chakra Medal Ribbon

Shaurya Chakra

The Shaurya Chakra is made of bronze and is circular. The medallion in the center has an Ashoka Chakra, surrounded by a garland of lotus flowers. The Kirti Chakra is embossed on the reverse of the medal in Hindi and in English; Separated by two lotuses.

Shaurya Chakra

Shaurya Chakra

It consists of a dark green ribbon divided equally into four halves by three saffron ribbons.

Shaurya Chakra Medal Ribbon

Shaurya Chakra Medal Ribbon

death

Savitri Khanolkar died on 26 November 1990 in New Delhi, India. He died of natural causes.

Facts / Trivia

  • Savitri Khanolkar’s mother died when she was very young. She often questioned her father about her mother. Lt Gen Harbaksh Singh said in an interview,

    “Born to Hungarian parents, Mrs. Khanolkar lost her mother at birth. Her father was then the librarian of the League of Nations in Geneva. She was raised by him and placed in a school on the Riviera, which is located on the beach She had missed her mother from the very beginning, and often asked her father where her mother was, and why did he come to school alone to see her?”

  • Savitri Khanolkar did a lot of social work. She used to help people who were displaced from their homes due to the partition of India and Pakistan.
  • Savitri Khanolkar was a very simple lady. In 1952, after the death of her husband, she joined the Ramakrishna Math and started learning about Vedanta. Lt Gen Harbaksh Singh told in an interview,

    Mrs Khanolkar was actually an Indian wife. She wore a cotton sari, no rouge, and she had slippers to wear! I really liked Mrs. Savitri Khanolkar and her methods. She became a follower of Ramakrishna Math and started following Vedanta. And, in his own way, he got me involved in Vedanta. ,

  • Savitri Khanolkar was a polyglot. She was fluent in various languages ​​like Hindi, English, Marathi, Konkani and French.
  • Savitri Khanolkar diligently pursued her hobbies in art, music and dance.
  • Savitri Khanolkar was also a writer. He wrote and published a book titled “Saints of Maharashtra”.
  • Savitri Khanolkar’s father objected to her decision to go to India and marry Vikram Ramji Khanolkar.
  • Savitri Khanolkar is also known by her other name Savitri Bai.
  • Savitri Khanolkar’s marriage to Vikram Khanolkar was not an easy one, as Vikram’s parents opposed their marriage, and their marriage was also rejected by high-ranking British officials because Vikram went against a rule Was; Which barred any Indian-origin officer from marrying before the age of 30. In an interview, Lt Gen Harbaksh Singh said,

    He brought her to Aurangabad as his newly wedded bride, but the British officers in the battalion did not like it – first because she was a foreigner, and second because she had married against the unwritten law that as a British officer, you Can’t get married until you were 30.”

  • Whenever someone called Savitri Khanolkar a foreigner, she used to say that she was mistakenly born in Europe instead of India.
  • Many eminent personalities have met Savitri Khanolkar for her contribution in designing gallantry medals of independent India.
    Savitri Khanolkar with the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

    Savitri Khanolkar with Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India



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